American Civil War broke out during the tenure of President Abraham Lincoln. The rebel Confederate was led by its President Jefferson Davis.  Among the most prominent generals were Ulysses S. Grant from the Union and Robert E. Lee from the Confederate. But apart from these there were many other political leaders and military personnel involved from both sides. Women too played a prominent role, mostly as spies and nurses. Here is a list of important people involved in the civil war.

Union Political Leaders

  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Alvin Saunders
  • Andrew Johnson
  • Benjamin Butler (politician)
  • Benjamin F. Harding
  • Benjamin Wade
  • Caleb Blood Smith
  • Calvin T. Hulburd
  • Charles Sumner
  • Daniel Clark (New Hampshire)
  • Edward Bates
  • Edward McPherson
  • Edwin M. Stanton
  • Frederick W. Seward
  • George Henry Williams
  • George S. Boutwell
  • Gideon Welles
  • Hannibal Hamlin
  • Henry Smith Lane
  • Henry Wilson
  • Henry Winter Davis
  • Horatio King
  • Horatio Seymour
  • Hugh McCulloch
  • Ira Harris
  • Isaac Toucey
  • Jacob M. Howard
  • James Buchanan
  • James Dixon
  • James F. Wilson
  • James Harlan (senator)
  • James Henry Lane (Union general)
  • James Pearce
  • James Speed
  • James W. Grimes
  • Jeremiah S. Black
  • John Adams Dix
  • John Bingham
  • John Creswell
  • John Hay
  • John Palmer Usher
  • John S. Carlile
  • John Sherman
  • Joseph Holt
  • Joshua Fry Speed
  • Lafayette S. Foster
  • Lincoln Clark
  • Lot M. Morrill
  • Lyman Trumbull
  • Montgomery Blair
  • Oliver P. Morton
  • Orville Hickman Browning
  • Reverdy Johnson
  • Roger B. Taney
  • Rush Clark
  • Salmon P. Chase
  • Samuel C. Pomeroy
  • Samuel J. Kirkwood
  • Schuyler Colfax
  • Simon Cameron
  • Solomon Foot
  • Stephen A. Douglas
  • Thaddeus Stevens
  • Thomas Holliday Hicks
  • Thomas Williams (Pennsylvania)
  • William A. Wheeler
  • William Alexander Richardson
  • William D. Kelley
  • William Dennison, Jr.
  • William H. Seward
  • William P. Fessenden
  • Zachariah Chandler

Confederates Political Leaders

  • Allen Turner Davidson
  • Caspar Wistar Bell
  • Claiborne Fox Jackson
  • Edward C. Elmore
  • Francis Wilkinson Pickens
  • Henry Throop Stanton
  • Henry Toole Clark
  • Jacob Thompson
  • James Chesnut, Jr.
  • James Dunwoody Bulloch
  • James Robert McLean
  • Jefferson Davis
  • John Baylor
  • John J. Thomas
  • John N. Hendren
  • Nicholas Davis, Jr.
  • Robert McDonald Jones
  • Stephen Mallory
  • Thomas Caute Reynolds
  • Thomas David Smith McDowell
  • Thomas Fearn
  • Thomas Marsh Forman
  • Thomas Neville Waul
  • William Lander
  • William Preston Johnston
  • William Waters Boyce

Union Generals

  • Ambrose E. Burnside
  • Edwin V. Sumner
  • George Brinton McClellan
  • George Gordon Meade
  • Gouverneur K. Warren
  • Isaac P. Rodman
  • Israel B. Richardson
  • John Adams Dix
  • John Hartranft
  • John Pope
  • Joseph Hooker
  • Joseph K. F. Mansfield
  • Joshua Chamberlain
  • Nathaniel Prentiss (Prentice) Banks
  • Philip Sheridan
  • Rufus Ingalls
  • Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • William Smith
  • Winfield Hancock

Confederate Generals

  • Ambrose Powell Hill
  • Braxton Bragg
  • Bushrod Johnson
  • George B. Anderson
  • George Pickett
  • Henry Heth
  • James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • James Longstreet
  • Jedediah Hotchkiss
  • John Gordon
  • John Gregg
  • Jubal Anderson Early
  • Lawrence O’Brian Branch
  • Pierre G.T. Beauregard
  • Robert Edward Lee
  • Thomas Jonathon “Stonewall” Jackson
  • Wade Hampton
  • William E. Starke
  • William Mahone

Union Women

  • Clara Barton (Nurse)
  • Clara Harlowe Barton
  • Cornelia Hancock
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Little Willie
  • Miss Major Pauline Cushman
  • Miss Mary E. Shelton
  • Mrs Alomina Hurd
  • Mrs Annie Etheridge
  • Mrs Bridget “Irish Biddy” Divers (Deavers)
  • Mrs Elida Rumsey Fowle
  • Mrs Fanny Ricketts
  • Mrs Isabella Fogg
  • Mrs John Harris
  • Mrs Kady Brownell
  • Mrs Mary A. Brady
  • Mrs Mary W. Lee

Confederate Women

  • Mrs Augusta Morris (spy)